Teaching careers will continue to gain momentum as more students, old and young, are expected to come rushing to schools every enrolment period. This holds true for grade schools, middle schools, and post-secondary schools. The trend will be an upswing as the young population grows and career-conscious professionals trek back to school to learn more skills and knowledge that will help them with their career growth, while new college students will help to increase this number. This means that jobs as teachers will expand and increase in size and coverage to include special education classes for language learning by non-English-speaking students; special courses will be added for persons with disabilities; vocational or technical schools will come up with more courses for out-of-school youths and adults; and more teachers will be needed to cater to the increasing number of preparatory and kindergarten schoolchildren.
Teacher employment and job opportunities for non-teaching positions since 2008 were targeted to increase by 12 percent until 2018 overall. The 2008 study also saw the elementary and secondary schools with the highest employment rate at 66.5 percent. This was followed by junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools at 28.2 percent; colleges, universities, and professional schools at 22.5 percent; and junior colleges with 5.7 percent. Teacher occupation was in good standing during the same year while the same trending is likely to happen within the next few years with the exception of secondary schools.
Teacher jobs also presented higher than average median annual wages in the same study with full-time post-secondary teachers posting the highest at $61,500. Next were secondary school teachers with $51,230, followed by middle school teachers with $49,740. Elementary school teachers and all other teachers and instructors had $49,370 and $30,120, respectively. These rates are likely to increase as the years go by as school administrators in most schools report difficulty in recruiting qualified people for teaching positions.
The retirement of a good number of teachers until 2018 will add to more teacher employment opportunities in various schools. Majority of teaching and non-teaching personnel in 2008 were aged over 55 years old, with teachers mostly belonging in the early to late 40-year-old bracket and the retirement of most will result in more job openings.
While school recruitment will continue, most still require applicants to have at least a bachelor's degree and teaching certification. Sixty-four percent of all employees in schools are known to have bachelor's degrees while a teacher occupation at the post-secondary level have a master's degree, and then a few with a doctorate degree tucked under their belt. Teaching careers require mastery of courses through required educational background and most people in the educational industry acknowledge this fact. Most teachers who have scaled the school ranks earned their post-secondary degrees while already employed, making their jobs as teachers both a continuing learning and earning experience.
Teaching careers for preschool are made possible after acquiring the necessary credentials as each state requires. These requirements include a high school diploma, community college courses or a degree in early childhood education or child development, or a Child Development Associate (CDA) national certification. Elementary, middle, secondary as well as kindergarten teachers in all public schools must have undergone teacher training programs, covering as well the needed number of education and subject credits and supervised practice teaching, and teaching license.
On the other hand, a special education master's degree or a specialized training is required for special education teacher jobs. Actual field experience is a special requirement for teachers who handle vocational education because of the uniqueness of their subjects that sometimes need actual demonstration as an output. Private school applicants are not required a license by States in order to teach, but generally accepts applicants with a bachelor's degree on the course or subject they wish to teach in. In the case of elementary school teachers, a childhood education credential is required. The upside for private school applications is the less stringent requirements, so that even new graduates are easily accepted for teacher employment.
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